Professor emeritus Michael Ursinus is a specialist in Ottoman history and language and for many years held the Chair of Islamic and Ottoman studies at Heidelberg University. Until his retirement early in 2016 he worked as a university professor, having held the position of lecturer at the University of Birmingham (Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman & Modern Greek Studies) and professor of Turcology at the University of Freiburg. Since 2006 he has been president of the International Committee for Pre-Ottoman and Ottoman Studies (CIÉPO). Michael Ursinus was co-editor of the journal Die Welt des Islams for many years and a member of the editing committee of Archivum Ottomanicum till 2016, and is a member of the national committee of AIESEE as well as a member of the British Society of Middle Eastern Studies and of the Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies. His research interests focus on south-eastern Europe under Ottoman rule.
“The Sea Giveth” – Ottoman Ways of Drawing on Coastal Resources in the Hinterland of Vis
(mid-16th to early 17th Century)
Maritime resources, such as taxes from maritime trade, fishing, and the production of salt, are particularly plentiful, and their exploitation especially promising, at or near the mouth of rivers emptying into the sea. Between Makarska in the South and Islam in the North, i.e. in the coastal ‘hinterland’ of the island of Vis, Ottoman control over the coastal territory of the Adriatic Sea extended to only three coastal bays with rivers discharging into them: At Kamen near Stobrec (with the river of Žrnovnica), at Sućurac near Solin (with the rivulet of the same name), and at Kruševo near Obrovac where the river of Zrmanje discharges into the Bay of Novigrad, an extension of the Canal of Velebit (Velebitski kanal). The present paper constitutes an attempt at using available Ottoman archival sources from between the middle of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th century for showing how, and to what extent, the Ottoman state and its beneficiaries made use of the available resources from taxing maritime trade, awarding fishery rights (dalyan) and producing salt in state-controlled salt pans (memleha). Due to the nature of the available sources, the organisation of the production of salt in the Stobrec area will be in the focus of this presentation.
Slobodan Prosperov Novak was born in Belgrade 1951, but spent his childhood in Dubrovnik. He graduated comparative literature in 1973 at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in Zagreb, receiving his M.A. in 1976 and Ph.D. in 1978. He worked as a journalist in a periodical Vjesnik u srijedu (1973–1974). In 1977 he is an assistant, and in 1988 a professor of Old Croatian literature at the Faculty of Philosophy. In the period of 1981-1984 he teaches at the Institute for Slavic Philology of the University of Rome, and from 1990-1992 he serves as an assistant of the minister of education, culture and sport of the Republic of Croatia. In 1990-1992 he was the president of the council of Dubrovnik Summer Festival, and in 2000 served as its head. He was the initiator and the first editor-in-chief of Matica hrvatska's periodical Vijenac. He was also the editor of the journal Lettre internationale and the magazine Cicero. For a number of years he edited a periodical of Croatian writers Most ("The Bridge"). He served as a president of Croatian PEN society in the period 1990-2000, organizing with his co-workers in 1993, in war-affected Dubrovnik, the 59th Word PEN Congress. In 1998 he instituted Mediterranean Institute Grga Novak on the island of Hvar. From 2001-2005 he taught South Slavic philology at the Department for Slavic studies of the University of Yale in New Haven, USA. He was a professor of Croatian Literature at the University of Split and a lecturer at the Department of Italian Studies and Language Studies from 2005-2010. Since 2010, he is a full professor at the Academy of Dramatic Art, University of Zagreb. He also teaches at University Department of Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb. He has made numerous editions of Croatian writers, he is an author of a series of university and school choirs, and has also made a series of multimedia projects, including the most important theatrical performances of "Ecce homo" and "How brother sold Joseph" at the Dubrovnik Summer Games in 1985 and 1990, and a large exhibition "Gundulić's Dream" 1989 in the Museum Space in Zagreb.